MA of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.
Pediatric Neurologist, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
MSc of Biophysics, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
Department of Dentistry, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
Department of Midwifery, Firoozabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad, Iran.
Assistant Professor of Pediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Background: COVID-19 disease, in addition to endangering physical health, has irreversible psychological effects. Therefore, it is necessary to know effective psychological therapies to deal with coronavirus disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of psychological interventions on the management of psychological consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Materials and Methods: This review was conducted through a systematic search of electronic resources in English, including Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE with no time limit from inception up to August 2021, using the following keywords: (COVID-19 OR SARS-CoV,) AND (Mental Disorder OR Mental Health OR Psychiatric Disorders, OR Psychological) AND (Crisis intervention OR Crisis service OR psychological interventions in crises.
Results: Five studies were included in the review. Based on the review results, mental health in the context of the current COVID-19 epidemic in hyperactive children can be enhanced by using Mindfulness-based Interventions and Philosophy for Children. Hyperactivity may improve in primary school children in the context of COVID-19 epidemics using a mandala drawing intervention and an emotion-based directed drawing intervention. Psychological interventions (such as internet-based integrated intervention, online multimedia psychoeducational interventions, and digital cognitive behavioral therapy) caused a statistically significant decrease in the levels of stress, depression, and anxiety and increased resilience in adults with COVID-19.
Conclusion: Psychological interventions improve mental health by reducing stress, depression, and anxiety and increasing the resilience of adults with COVID-19, as well as reducing hyperactivity in children during the COVID-19 pandemic.