1 MSN, Technical Affairs Department, Baghdad Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. 2 MSc of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Instructor, Department of Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Basic Science Department, College of Nursing, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
Instructor of Pediatrics Department, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Background: The effectiveness of health education programs depends on the knowledge, attitude, and practice of research units. Patients with chronic diseases are among the high-risk groups of COVID-19. Due to the large number of Iranian and Iraqi pilgrims in the two countries, the present study aimed to compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice of chronic patients regarding COVID-19.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1000 patients over 18 years of age with chronic diseases referred to Baghdad Medical City (مدینة الطب) in Baghdad (Iraq), and Imam Reza and Ghaem Hospitals in Mashhad (Iran), in 2021. Available sampling was performed, and the standard Akalu knowledge, attitude, and practice questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16.0).
Results: The mean age of patients was 54.08 ± 11.13. A total of 35.7% of research units had a high school diploma, more than 77% were married, more than 57% were female, and more than 46% were employed. The mean of knowledge scores in Iranian patients was 7.40± 1.54 and in Iraqi patients was 7.03 ± 1.79, which showed no significant difference (p = 0.63). The mean of attitude scores in Iranian patients was 27.30 ± 3.58 and in Iraqi patients was 26.62 ± 6.72, which showed no significant difference (p = 0.36). The mean of performance scores in Iranian patients was 4.31 ± 1.03 and in Iraqi patients was 3.67 ± 1.32, which showed a significant difference (p <0.05).
Conclusion: The mean scores of knowledge, attitude, and practice in both groups were unfavorable, but the level of practice in Iranian patients was better than in Iraqi patients.