Professor, Pediatric Endocrinologist, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Assistant Professor of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
MSc Student of Health Education and Promotion, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.
Fellowship of Pediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Background: Respect for patients’ rights in medical centers is essential. It is sometimes overlooked due to the unawareness and negligence of the medical staff. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of Iranian medical students about patients’ rights and examine its underlying factors.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review, a search of online databases (Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Magiran, SID, CIVILICA, and Google Scholar search engine) was conducted for relevant studies with no time limit up to April 2022. Two reviewers evaluated the quality of eligible studies and carried out the selection procedure. The quality of the information was evaluated using the Newcastle Ottawa scale.
Results: Finally, 11 studies (n=3,208 medical students) were selected. The knowledge of patients’ rights in medical students was estimated as moderate (range: 27.7-81.16%). The mean score of students’ knowledge about patients’ rights was 14.95 ± 2.09 out of 18 (moderate score). There was a statistically significant relationship between students’ knowledge of the Charter of Patients’ Rights and the variables of age, gender, degree, and field of study. These groups had the lowest level of knowledge: men, students over 25 years, students between 21 and 22 years, and dental and emergency medical students (P <0.05). Associate of science degree students had the lowest score, and residency students had the highest score in patients’ rights awareness.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, the level of knowledge of medical students about the Charter of Patients’ Rights was moderate. It is necessary to increase their awareness by developing educational plans for all medical students, especially dental, emergency, and male students.