Document Type : Systematic Review
Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Department of Midwifery, Firoozabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad, Iran.
Milad Infertility Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
MSc of Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.
Background: Evaluation of faculty members of universities is done in different ways, and one of these challenging methods is the evaluation by students. This study aimed to compare the viewpoint of Iranian students and faculty members on faculty evaluation by students.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review, a systemic search of online databases (Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, ERIC, PsycINFO, CIVILICA, and Google Scholar search engine) was conducted for relevant studies up to November 2022. Two reviewers evaluated the quality of eligible studies. The quality of the information was evaluated using the STROBE tool.
Results: A total of ten related studies were selected. The results showed that 82.9% of the faculty members had a negative view of their evaluation by students, most of whom were women (p<0.05). The most frequent reasons included lack of attention to the content differences of the courses (90.6%), lack of accuracy (89.1%), lack of honesty (85.6%), and lack of showing educational skills (79%). However, 65.8% of students had a positive view of faculty evaluation. The results showed that the mean evaluation scores of the faculty members with a positive attitude to the importance and applicability of the students’ evaluation results were higher than the faculty members who were against it (p<0.05). There was a significant correlation between the mean evaluation scores of faculties and their attitude towards the importance of student evaluation results (r=0.39, p<0.05).
Conclusion: Faculty members were dissatisfied with the students’ evaluation, but students had a positive view. Therefore, different methods of evaluation should be used at the same time for faculty evaluation and decision-making.